On 23 March, Al Jazeera published its report saying that there are rival gangs — with many different characters. From new-age pastors to old-school smugglers, and from diplomats to the Zimbabwean president’s niece. Al Jazeera’s investigation has uncovered a band of criminals driving gold smuggling and money laundering worth billions of dollars in southern Africa. It some of the key individuals running the mafia. These include a gold smuggler from Kenya who has now moved his operations to Dubai and is smuggling gold from all over Africa, mostly from Zimbabwe, under cover of running a church. Another is one of Zimbabwe’s most influential diplomats, a special envoy and ambassador-at-large to Europe and the Americas since 2021. Another is a pastor in Angel’s Good News Church and a musician. Another is a woman who is the president of Zimbabwe’s mining association and a niece of President Mnangagwa.