The Institute for Economics and Peace has published this report which analyses ecological threats in 228 independent states and territories, assessing threats relating to food risk, water risk, rapid population growth and natural disasters. Its main finding is that without concerted international action, current levels of ecological degradation will substantially worsen, thereby intensifying a range of social challenges, including malnutrition, forced migration and illness. Current conflicts will escalate and multiply as a result, creating further global insecurity. It identifies 27 hotspot countries that face catastrophic ecological threats, while also having the lowest levels of societal resilience. These countries are home to 768 million people and are mainly in Africa and the MENA region.