On 27 October, the EU Commission advised that is proposing to update EU rules on the import, export and transit of firearms for civilian use. As many as 35 million illicit firearms are estimated to be in the hands of civilians in the EU, and around 630,000 firearms are listed as stolen or lost in the Schengen Information System. The revised rules are intended to enhance security and address firearms trafficking, and will enable coordinated controls and risk assessments to improve the traceability of firearms. It is now for the European Parliament and the Council to examine the proposal. Once adopted, the rules will be directly applicable across the EU.