On 1 September, 38 North said that UN sanctions on the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) prohibits UN Member States from trading small arms and light weapons (SALW) with North Korea. It goes on to say that open-source information analysis that uses a statistical trade database suggests that the UN arms embargo on North Korea is having the intended impact in general. However, it says, recent trends deserve attention from the international community, such as closely watching North Korea’s exports of SALW to countries that are striving for human security and political stability, and the reexport of SALW to North Korea by a UN member state via the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). The article provides a summary of the trends in North Korea’s SALW trading activities between 2009 and 2021 and discusses the potential impact of these imports and exports on international peace and security. It also offers policy recommendations for how to improve sanctions implementation in this area.
On 6 October, OFAC advised that it is designating 7 senior leaders within Iran’s government and security apparatus for the shutdown of Iran’s Internet access and the continued violence against peaceful protesters in the wake of the tragic death of 22-year-old Mahsa Amini, who was arrested for allegedly wearing a hijab improperly, and died in the custody of Iran’s Morality Police.
On 6 October, OFAC announced that it had designated 3 individuals and 1 entity connected to Burma’s military regime following the February 2021 coup that overthrew Burma’s democratically elected civilian government, the military has committed numerous atrocities against people in Burma, including the violent repression of political dissent, the killing of over 2,300 innocent civilians, and displacement of more than 900,000 people.
This position paper was prepared by members of the Hong Kong Wildlife Trade Working Group (HKWTWG), an informal alliance of stakeholders with interests in the legal and illegal animal trade. It has been compiled in response to the increasing trade in live exotic animals in the Territory, many of which are threatened with extinction; and the need for regulatory enhancements to better manage environmental, animal/public health and animal welfare concerns. The paper outlines Hong Kong’s position as a major importer of exotic animals, the causes for concern and potential means of addressing these.
This report from the US Department of Labor is used by companies as an input into risk assessments and to conduct due diligence on their supply chains. It shows that most of the 131 countries and territories reviewed are continuing to make progress toward eliminating the worst forms of child labour. It tracks from year to year whether a country has made significant, moderate, minimal, or no advancement in eliminating the worst forms of child labour. It also includes nearly 2,200 country-specific recommended actions on how best to combat labour abuses.
Afghanistan(-), Anguilla, British Virgin Islands, Burma, Eritrea, Grenada, Niue, South Sudan, Tokelau
On 6 October, OFSI published this General Licence, which expired on 3 April 2023, in connection with payments in connection with VTB Capital plc and its UK subsidiaries, Sberbank CIB (UK) Ltd and its UK subsidiaries, VTBC Asset Management International Limited), and VTB Bank (Europe) SE based in Germany along with its German subsidiaries.
On 6 October, the Isle of Man made matching amendments to its parallel General License.
EU Regulation 2022/1901/EU has added Mansur Al-Sa’adi, Houthi Commander of Yemen’s Naval and Coastal Defense Forces, and Motlaq Amer Al-Marrani, the Former Deputy Head of the Houthi National Security Bureau (NSB), to its sanctions lists following UN designation on 26 September.