The UN Institute for Disarmament Research and the UN Office on Drugs and Crime have published this report which says that linkage between illicit arms, organised crime, and armed conflict can reinforce one another while also escalating and prolonging violence and eroding governance. Financial gains from crime can lengthen or intensify armed conflicts by creating revenue streams for non-State armed groups. Illicit arms and ammunition clearly link conflict to crime as well as crime to conflict. Illicit arms can both enable and fuel an armed conflict, while different conflict phases provide opportunities for the diversion of arms and a potentially lucrative income source for organised arms trafficking networks.
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