The EU Business website provides these Business Guides, which are background information and Questions & Answers about topical EU business issues.  These includes guides on the December agreementto update the current rules governing VAT rates for goods and services; a new tool to counter the use of economic coercion by third countries;  a minimum effective tax rate for the global activities of large multinational groups; and a new Standardisation Strategy outlining the EU’s approach to standards within the Single Market as well as globally.

Any modest contributions for my time and ongoing expenses are welcomed!  I have a page where you can do so, and where one-off contributions start as low as $3, at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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