On 12 January, a briefing from the Center for Strategic and International Studies says that estimates suggest as many as 20 to 40 Chinese PSC are operating abroad in some 40 countries, China operates more than 7,000 PSC domestically; and that they are a well-positioned tool for the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) to project power abroad. The briefing provides background on the use of private military and security companies for power projection;

  1. History of Chinese reliance on private companies in the military and security sectors, in particular the use of Chinese PSC;
  • Future areas of opportunity for China to leverage PSC, including deployments in support of projects along the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI), in the maritime domain, and training foreign police forces; and
  • Policy options for the US to address Chinese use of PSC.

Any modest contributions for my time and ongoing expenses are welcomed!  I have a page where you can do so, and where one-off contributions start as low as $3, at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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