On 25 November, ENACT Africa announced the release of this Index. It says that organised crime increased across Africa during the COVID-19 pandemic and shows no signs of slowing. It says that organised crime is one of Africa’s biggest security challenges, with more than two-thirds of Africans living in countries with high criminality, and nearly 80% in states with acute vulnerability and low resilience. The Democratic Republic of the Congo has the highest criminality, followed by Nigeria, with Kenya, South Africa, Libya and Mozambique also in the top 10. State-embedded actors are said to have grown more powerful during the pandemic as they monetised their control over government resources and institutions. Human trafficking remained the most pervasive criminal market in Africa, while the cocaine trade saw the biggest increase. The Index is based on analysis and inputs from 120 experts across the continent and an extensive literature review. It reports on mafia-style groups, criminal networks, state-embedded actors and foreign criminals. It assesses resilience to organised crime, including political leadership and governance, criminal justice, economic and financial environments, and civil society. Its aim is to stimulate informed dialogue on the impact of criminality and response measures, and promote policies to build resilience to organised crime.
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