On 17 November, Global Financial Integrity reported on the scrapping and dismantling of vessels marred in opacity, human rights violations, environmental pollution and corruption through the exploitation of an international legal loophole known as flags of convenience (FoC). The process of dismantling ships is known for its high levels of fatalities, injuries and work-related diseases, making it amongst the most dangerous jobs in the world. The working conditions and environmental impacts have become so hazardous that the EU has banned the demolition of vessels in India. Vessel owners take advantage of the ambiguity within the international framework for re-flagging maritime vessels allowing them to circumvent environmental and labour legislation. How, it asks, does a European, Chinese, or American owned vessel end up on the beaches of Bangladesh, India, or Pakistan for dismantling?
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