On 18 November, the EU Commission released a report which says that the EU Directive 2017/541 helped Member States strengthen their criminal justice approach to terrorism. Having minimum standards for defining and sanctioning terrorist offences within the EU has clear added value, it says, preventing the existence of legal loopholes that may be exploited by terrorists. The Directive also helped strengthen the level of assistance and protection provided to victims of terrorism. Its impact on fundamental rights has been evaluated as proportionate. Despite this positive assessment, the report warns that several challenges remain in the implementation of the rules. One issue identified in some Member States relates to challenges in classifying violent extreme right-wing acts as acts of terrorism.
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