The Office of the Special Representative and Coordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings at the Organisation for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) has produced a report which contains analysis and recommendations for more effective policy responses. The purpose of this paper is to explore the intersections between human trafficking and terrorism by analysing the modus operandi of terrorist groups vis-à-vis the constituent elements of trafficking in human beings. It is based on illustrative examples collected from across the OSCE region, and it aims to support the efforts of states to hold terrorist groups and their members fully accountable for their criminal behaviour. It also seeks to ensure that those exploited by these groups are identified and their rights protected. The report provides a comparative study of 2 crimes – human trafficking and terrorism, and the purpose is to offer recommendations for tackling and combating both. The paper provides a set of targeted recommendations to challenge the trafficking practices of terrorist groups by leveraging existing preventative and protective mechanisms that exist in the anti-trafficking field. The intention of these recommendation is to support states in preventing the crime of trafficking while protecting its victims. It considers the elements of trafficking committed by terrorist groups.
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