On 6 July, a report from Kharon advised that laboratory equipment and technology appear to be a key supply chain vulnerability for Russian chemical and biological research institutes, with sanctions imposed on them this spring by the US State Department for their involvement in Russian chemical weapons research and development. The US Commerce Department also placed restrictions on exports to more than a dozen entities, citing their role in proliferation activity for Russian WMD programmes. The report says that the export restrictions appear to be on suppliers of lab equipment and other items to the sanctioned research institutes. However, it also said that defence institutes nevertheless continue to seek foreign lab equipment – and that the State Research and Test Institute of Military Medicine (GNIII VM), which was not sanctioned by the US, is requesting chemicals and lab equipment produced by US and European manufacturers.
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