This report from the Human Trafficking Institute in the US sets out to provide the only exhaustive review of human trafficking prosecutions in US federal courts. The Report presents data from both sex trafficking and forced labour prosecutions and supplements its analysis with information from civil human trafficking lawsuits. To mark the 20th anniversary of the Trafficking Victims Protection Act (TVPA), which made human trafficking a federal crime, this year’s edition of the Report also highlights data and trends spanning 2 decades of anti-trafficking enforcement in the US. One thing it highlights is that human trafficking does not necessarily involve cross-border movement. In fact, it says, fewer than half of active sex trafficking cases involved schemes spanning more than one state. Moreover, of foreign national victims, 17% were not trafficked across the border into the US; rather, they were exploited abroad or after entering the country.
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