In January, the University of Amsterdam published a report as part of a 3-year research project on the ethical and legal challenges of public-private partnerships. It is said that the legal and ethical challenges of such partnerships remain insufficiently understood. These challenges include good governance, transparency and the protection of the rights of citizens involved. The report sets out to map the legal and ethical stakes involved.
On 7 May, the Guardian reported that the arrests follow 2-year investigation into a gang believed to be importing spice from Iran and selling it as prized Spanish variety. Once in Spain, the spice was processed, dyed, packaged and branded as saffron from La Mancha, which has protected designation of origin status.