On 30 March, the European Studies Unit (ESU) of the University of Liège published this report – an update of its 2017 original.  It looks at International Strategic Trade Controls Regimes, or what traditionally has been known as export control regimes.  The first part outlines the overall structure and general principles of the WTO.  The second part explores free trade exceptions organised by other international legally and politically binding instruments – in other words, international treaties, regimes and systems are investigated.  The third part investigates regional rules and policies – specifically, the legally and politically binding acts of the EU are analysed.

Any modest contributions for my time and ongoing expenses are welcomed!  I have a page, where contributions start as low as $3, at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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