On 10 March, Hellenic Shipping News reported that Risk Intelligence has published a set of guidelines concerning the use of privately contracted government security forces in Nigeria. The publication was released following the recent developments on the disbanding of the Secure Anchorage Area (SAA) and to provide clarity in the use of armed security (armed escort vessels) in Nigerian waters.  The use of armed guards on merchant ships has been expressly prohibited by the Nigerian Navy’s Chief of Naval Staff since 2016.  This has resulted in the Nigerian Navy entering contractual relationships with private security companies which have been governed by a MoU since 2012 (revised 2016).  These Private Maritime Logistics Support Companies (PMLSC) now number to 30 MoU holders.  The article lists the highlights from the guidelines.

I would be grateful for any modest contribution for my time and ongoing costs of computer, relocation, and (still ongoing) removal costs, I have a page, where contributions start as low as $3, at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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