RUSI has published this Paper which explores how criminals make money from piracy and provides recommendations for how the UKGgovernment, law enforcement and private sector stakeholders can decrease the profitability of doing so. Its recommendations are addressed to UK audiences, but almost all of them are internationally applicable. This is particularly true of those aimed at rights-holders, the financial sector and online service providers working across multiple geographies. It concludes that whole-of-system financial disruption efforts are needed to tackle piracy. Although the UK has made significant progress in championing a ‘follow the money’ approach to IP crime, more needs to be done. It also says that beyond the financial sector, pirates’ reliance on legitimate online service providers to run and monetise their operations gives rise to several vulnerabilities in their criminal business models. Currently, however, law enforcement and civil action is often undermined because these services do not verify their customers. New ‘know your business customer’ (KYBC) rules are needed to ensure these providers record and verify the identity of their business customers, denying service to rogue actors and providing law enforcement with crucial information when abuse occurs. Including these providers in a public–private partnership will enable them to be more proactive in vetting their customers. The Paper makes 16 recommendations across 5 areas.
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