The Sentry has published an update on its report of violations of UN sanctions in and through the Democratic Republic of the Congo.  It says that 2 North Korean businessmen who evaded international sanctions in the DRC won more government contracts than previously understood, saying that the 2 men likely worked in the DRC on behalf of a little-known North Korean government design firm, Korea Paekho Trading Corporation.  It is said that these revelations, as well as indications that Korea Paekho Trading Corporation affiliates have operated throughout West and Central Africa, raise significant questions about the enforcement of sanctions on North Korea.  In particular, they demonstrate how North Korean actors exploit weak institutional controls and jurisdictions with high levels of corruption, a model other sanctions-busters have followed.  In the case of the DRC, due diligence shortfalls across private and public institutions may create systemic risk for an economy that relies heavily on access to US dollars through relationships with international banks.

If you would like to make a (polite) gesture and make a (very) modest contribution to my ongoing with my relocation, removal and computer costs, I have a page at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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