Having completed a “scrapbook” about the Panama’s experience of WW2 – though such an effort is never really complete, as one continues to find odds and ends that require addition or amendments – I thought I should try to convert its content into somewhat more organised text, and try to make it a story that someone might want to read.

Apologies (as well as grateful thanks) are due to those whose material I may have used.  I have attempted to identify the sources of as much material as I could, although I may have lost track of the origin of some in compiling the scrapbook and then translating it into this form.  Much of it came from books and reports published some time ago – some dating back to World War 2 and before.  Much useful and interesting material came from veteran’s organisations’ websites.  Also invaluable were the CZ Brats webpages[1], for former “Zonians” (as Americans in the Canal Zone were called), a fascinating and invaluable resource, as well as material from the Panama Canal Museum[2], which is dedicated to commemorating the US role in the history of Panama.


[2]  The Panama Canal Museum in Seminole, Florida, closed in July 2012, and transferred its collection to the George A Smathers Libraries at the University of Florida:

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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