On 17 November, a report from C4ADS says that global internet connectivity has opened up a new era of distribution, facilitating direct-to-consumer transactions, rapid reaction to enforcement trends, and the delivery of retail, rather than wholesale, drug volumes through legal commercial delivery systems.  C4ADS says that it conducted extensive multilingual analysis of Chinese corporate entities, the open web and social media, to better understand the methods used.

See also the article from NPR –

I had omitted the following link (as it did not seem to generate much interest!), but it seemed time to add it again and say that, if you would like to make a (polite) gesture and help me with my removal and computer costs, I have a page at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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