This Occasional Paper from RUSI on 13 October identifies factors that render free-trade zones vulnerable to illicit trade and financial crime and proposes measures to detect and prevent it. It points out that international organisations such as the OECD, WCO, FATF and the EU have all highlighted criminal risks related to FTZ. Based on 74 interviews, 2 research workshops and an analysis of publicly available literature, the paper identifies key challenges faced by the case study countries, which are also likely to apply to other countries that host FTZ.
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