Volume 24 of this Update from the UN Office of Drugs and Crime says that the current opioid crisis is a far-reaching drug and public health policy issue affecting several geographical regions. Despite some progress, the crisis continues both to expand geographically and to deepen in complexity with the emergence of a new generation of new psychoactive substances (NPS) with opioid effects, including sub­stances belonging to chemical structural classes which were not significantly present on illicit drug markets previously. This evolution signals the potential development of similar new substances which may exacerbate the already significant challenges.

I had omitted the following link (as it did not seem to generate much interest!), but it seemed time to add it again and say that, if you would like to make a (polite) gesture and help me with my removal and computer costs, I have a page at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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