On 1 October, the Daily Maverick in South Africa continued its series of features on the Guptas, with a third and final episode which shows how Estina, the company at the centre of the Vrede dairy project scandal, had formed an important node in an elaborate money laundering scheme run by the Guptas – a full year before Estina won the Vrede dairy project contracts.  Or, more simply, the article says, by the time Estina won the Free State contract, it was already a well-used part of the Guptas’ criminal enterprise.

I had left off this link (as it did not seem to generate much interest!), but it seemed time to add it again and say that, if you would like to make a (polite) gesture and help me with my removal and computer costs, I have a page at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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