On 3 September, Schillings published an article saying that 2020 is, however, on course to buck a downward trend, and the International Maritime Bureau Piracy Reporting Centre recorded 98 incidents of piracy and armed robbery in the first half of 2020, up from 78 in the first half of 2019. It looks at new trends, such as pirates having evolved their capability to target ships at increasing distances from the coastline; and it says that there is some suggestion that informants are providing access to ship information making it possible for pirates to locate target specific vessels. Kidnap for ransom is also trending as it is much easier, quicker and often more profitable to take human cargo rather than the entire vessel. It highlights the 4 hotspots for piracy – the Gulf of Aden; SE Asia; the Gulf of Mexico; and the Gulf of Guinea; and looks at each. It then turns to what has been done by the authorities.