An article from ENACT Africa on 10 August said that the largely unregulated industry is costing Uganda in terms of lost revenue, environmental damage and exploitation of vulnerable communities. Sand is a valuable non-renewable commodity used mainly for mega-infrastructure projects in the rapidly expanding African and global construction market – and the high-value and largely unregulated industry is estimated to account for 85% of all mineral exploration in the world. Unregulated extraction, especially around Uganda’s Lake Victoria, is destabilising the area’s sensitive ecology. There’s also evidence that it threatens local rural livelihoods, including both fishing and agriculture. The mining is labour-intensive, employing men and youth, most of whom are underaged children.