On 10 August, the Daily Maverick in South Africa reported that criminal entrepreneurs are tapping into Uganda’s vast reserves of sand, exploiting a sector which is largely unregulated by government. They run and sell shipments of illegally mined sand using an established regional and global black market. Unregulated extraction, especially around Uganda’s Lake Victoria, is destabilising the area’s sensitive ecology, and there is also evidence that it threatens local rural livelihoods, including fishing and agriculture. For Ugandan sand, the cargo’s immediate destination is Uganda’s neighbouring countries of DRC, South Sudan and Rwanda. Sand is also exported to China. Attempts by Uganda’s National Environment Management Authority to stop the ongoing excavations by a licensed Chinese company at Lake Victoria in 2018 failed – it being said that local government officials supported by the president’s brother were seen siding with the Chinese business.