On 27 July, Radio New Zealand reported that Joseph Auga Matamata is the first person to be convicted of both human trafficking and slavery in New Zealand. He also has to pay reparations of about $183,000 to the victims. The article reported that he had brought 13 Samoan workers to New Zealand between 1994 and April 2019 for horticultural work. They sometimes worked 14-hour days, 7 days a week, without pay, and after work they were forced to complete chores at Matamata’s home late into the night and would get beaten if his rules were disobeyed. The oldest victim was in his 50s and the youngest was just 12.