On 1 July, the Institute for Science and International Security has published an analysis of the UN Security Council Panel of Experts’ report concerning the implementation of UN sanctions on North Korea. The report identified 250 alleged violations of North Korea sanctions involving 62 countries, an increase of 6 compared to the previous year. The number of countries engaged in military-related exports/training activities decreased from 15 to 9 (DRC, Egypt, Eritrea, Iran, Myanmar, Rwanda, Syria, Uganda, Yemen (Houthi faction)), but the number importing goods such as coal, earth/stone, and other sanctioned goods increased significantly from 13 to 21 countries. It is said that Iran and Eritrea hosted representatives of entities designated for their activities related to arms sales, and the report says that they warrant special scrutiny, as they provide a platform for the DPRK to sell arms (e.g. to Syria) and also make sensitive procurement for its own WMD and missile programmes. 26 countries and territories were involved in business and financial-related sanctions violations – Angola, Austria, Bulgaria, Cambodia, China, France, Hong Kong, Indonesia, Iran, Italy, Lebanon, Libya, Mozambique, Namibia, Nepal, Nigeria, Qatar, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, Syria, Tanzania, Thailand, Tunisia, UAE, Vietnam. However, for both of the foregoing lists, China was involved in the majority of violations. 4 states had alleged business arrangements with designated DPRK entities – Cambodia, China, Namibia, Senegal. 17 countries were involved in the illicit supply of goods to North Korea – BVI, China, DRC, Germany, Guatemala, Honduras, Hong Kong, India, Indonesia, Italy, Luxembourg, Marshall Islands, Russia, Senegal, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea. 21 countries are listed as being involved in buying goods from North Korea – Algeria, Bolivia, Botswana, China, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cote d’Ivoire, El Salvador, Germany, Ghana, Guatemala, Honduras, India, Indonesia, Kenya, Russia, Senegal, South Africa, South Korea, Uruguay, Vietnam. The report contains a sizeable section on shipping-related sanctions.
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