SATELLITE IMAGERY, AIS AND THE SHIPS SECRETLY TRANSPORTING IRANIAN GAS TO CHINA

Investigative website C4ADS has published a report saying that, thanks to commercially available satellite imagery, automatic identification system (AIS) data, and other publicly available information, it can offer insights into the illicit trade, detail how it is conducted, and even identify some of the likely players involved.  It says that evidence suggests that China also sourced LPG from Iran – an illicit practice under US economic sanctions on Iranian oil.

In the diagram below, C4ADS says that, using a ship as a starting point, one can build out entity-level networks of actors involved in this illicit trade.  C4ADS says that ongoing monitoring should be a priority for institutions that want to make this trade known or discover parties involved in it.  Fully utilising publicly available sources of information and fusing data together from multiple disciplines and providers allows us and others to peel back the layers of even elaborate efforts to evade sanctions.

https://c4ads.org/blogposts/2020/4/21/hull-in-their-story

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EVOLUTION OF UAV EMPLOYED BY HOUTHI FORCES IN YEMEN

This report from February 2020 is from Conflict Armaments Research and tracks the evolution of Houthi unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV), which have become increasingly lethal and powerful. CAR finds that the Yemeni group is able to domestically manufacture some components while procuring more sophisticated electronic items from foreign supply networks. It says that, since  2016, Ansar Allah ‘Houthi’ forces have deployed unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) in an increasingly lethal fashion against Saudi-led Arab Coalition forces in Yemen and across its borders. compares the physical characteristics and internal components of 3 types of Houthi UAV documented by CAR. In addition, it compares items used in the construction of Houthi UAV with components of IED seized from non-state forces in Yemen and Bahrain, as well as 2 types of Iranian-made UAV. It also highlights similarities between Houthi UAV components and those that Yemeni forces seized from the Jihan 1 merchant vessel in 2013, when it was en route from Iran to Yemen.

https://www.conflictarm.com/download-file/?report_id=3185&file_id=3189

 

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DAC6 IS A NEW EU TAX DISCLOSURE REGIME THAT IMPOSES MANDATORY REPORTING OF CERTAIN CROSS-BORDER ARRANGEMENTS

A briefing from Bryan Cave Leighton Paisner on 24 April provides an overview of a new regime coming into force on 1 July under which intermediaries and/or taxpayers must report to an EU tax authority information about cross-border arrangements with a view to the information being exchanged with other tax authorities. However, there are indications that the EU may allow Member States to delay implementation until 2021. It says that, essentially, a cross-border arrangement must concern at least 2 EU Member States or a EU Member State and a third country.

https://www.bclplaw.com/en-US/insights/dac6-is-a-new-eu-disclosure-regime-that-imposes-mandatory-reporting-of-certain-cross-border-arrangements.html

 

 

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