On 29th November, RUSI published a report on a new study which sheds light on illegal, unreported and unregulated (IUU) fishing, showing how countries can tailor their specific strategies to combat this major security challenge. It says that much IUU fishing takes place on a systematic and industrial scale for profit, with these large-scale operations increasingly recognised as a form of transnational organised crime. However, there has been to date a collective failure, at a systemic level, to provide an adequate global response. However, it says, little work has been done to assess the extent to which measures have effectively mitigated the role that transnational organised crime plays in the IUU fishing industry. The report examines experiences in 5 countries: Indonesia; Thailand; Vietnam; Tanzania; and South Africa; and it outlines the key features of the multidimensional threat posed by organised, large-scale IUU fishing across these countries. It points, in particular, to high levels of convergence between this and other crimes, adding further complexity to the nature of the challenge posed by IUU fishing. It also considers the range of challenges encountered in bolstering legislative, regulatory and institutional frameworks, strengthening detection and interdiction capabilities, and enhancing investigation and prosecution. Finally, it makes a number of recommendations offering specific guidance on tailoring existing approaches, based on the lessons derived from the study of these 5 countries.
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