On 18th September, ARES (the Armament Research Services) published an article saying that when Libyan National Army forces loyal to Khalifa Hafta withdrew from the city of Gharyan in north-western Libya they left behind material which included at least 2 Chinese-made GP6 laser-guided 155 mm artillery projectiles. It says that the Chinese GP1 series are export variants of a semi-active laser-guided projectile based on a licensed copy of the Russian Krasnopol system. The system consist of guided projectiles, fired from standard 155 mm guns; one or more portable laser target designators that illuminate targets; and synchronisation and communications systems. The examples found were said to be still in their packing crates and marked for delivery to the UAE Armed Forces. This is not the first time the UAE has been implicated in supplying precision guided munitions in the Libyan conflict. The article explains that Libya has been under a UN arms embargo following the outbreak of hostilities in February 2011, and that further UN SCR in 2013 and 2014 modified the embargo, and at present lethal arms and related materiel of all types intended solely for security or disarmament assistance to the ‘Libyan authorities’ can be imported with the advance approval of the relevant sanctions committee.
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