A report from the United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research says that diversion poses a significant threat to societies around the globe, limiting the effectiveness of arms control initiatives and frustrating attempts to regulate or catalogue flows of conventional arms, ammunition and parts and components. All private sector actors involved in the international trade in conventional arms have a role to play in preventing diversion. This report aims to examine this role and support better understanding on how all relevant actors can work to prevent the diversion of conventional arms. It notes that none of the international treaties designed to regulate the trade in conventional arms contain a definition of diversion, but rather describe various forms of diversion and so it falls to States to define diversion in their national laws. The report identifies that the 2 most consistent aspects of the generic definition of diversion are: the act of changing the direction or use of something; and unauthorised rerouting or appropriation. It looks at the pre-shipment stages, shipping and transit “losses” and post-delivery issues including end-user controls.
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