A new paper from Dr Benjamin Kienzle at King’s College London says that the UN Security Council adopted Resolution 1540, intended as the central international tool to prevent terrorism with WMD. In spite of the Resolution’s strong mandate, with it being used to monitor effectiveness by FATF and FATF-style regional bodies and references to it being incorporated into EU and other law and regulations, its implementation body, the 1540 Committee, has remained weak in terms of enforcement powers, budget allocation and human resources. The article addresses this gap between mandate and implementation capacity, saying that it has resorted to the orchestration of intermediary actors in the form of other international organisations, but says that the co-ordination of these actors by the 1540 Committee has remained largely ad hoc and lacked the systematic exchange of relevant information.
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