On 29th July, the Cipher Brief published an article in the light of a report last month from the Global Initiative Against Transnational Organized Crime.  It says that, throughout Libya’s civil war, widespread allegations have surfaced that strongman Khalifa Haftar operates as a modern-day warlord, using his power to further numerous criminal enterprises, and to fund the LNA Haftar’s network has allegedly turned to a range of criminal activities and illicit financial flows, and also maintains close connections to the human trafficking networks that traverse Libya.

The report is available at –

As well as its involvement in the human smuggling networks and routes, the report looks at the LNA involvement in “semi-legal” exports of scrap metal – described as a new source of income for the LNA; and the smuggling of refined petroleum products by sea and/or by land.  A law of the Interim Government purports to legalise such exports and granted the Military Committee exemptions on export taxes and administrative fees, to the considerable competitive advantage of companies and entities owned by the LNA.  The “other” government, the Libyan Government of National Accord, would see such exports as contrary to its laws, export bans and as smuggling etc.


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Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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