On 28th July, 6KBW College Hill reported that, in an case at the Court of Appeal in London, Alstom Network UK Ltd was denied leave to appeal against its conviction for conspiracy to corrupt even though 2 directors who had constituted its “directing mind and will” were not present at trial and did not give evidence.  Their absence did not render the trial unfair, given that a company was a separate legal entity and there was no rule of law or practice which required a company’s directing mind and will to be indicted with the company or to be available at trial to give evidence.  It had been indicted for having conspired with some of its directors to pay bribes to public officials in Tunisia, disguised as consultancy payments.

This blog is primarily for my own use, to keep informed and up to date. However, if you would like to say thank you (and perhaps help me get a new, better laptop when I am away…) you can “buy me a coffee” at

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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