This article from the Nonproliferation Review in June says that few studies have examined how these detection systems deployed at strategic locations for the purported purpose of detecting and deterring the smuggling of nuclear and radioactive materials programs are implemented or the operational challenges they face on a day-to-day basis. The article seeks to address this with a focus on radiation-detection efforts at maritime facilities. It identifies the factors that influence the planning and use of these systems in this fast-moving environment. It says that greater consideration should therefore be given to developing international standards and guidance, designing and adopting tools to support key parts of the alarm assessment process, and broader sharing of good practice. It concludes that it is clearly challenging to eﬀectively deploy radiation-detection systems in maritime border-monitoring eﬀorts and eﬀectiveness varies signiﬁcantly in various facilities. At some maritime facilities, security concerns drive a system’s operation, while for others, safety and commercial factors take precedence – meaning differing requirements and approaches. It says that the fragmented approaches observed throughout the maritime supply chain arguably reduce the eﬀectiveness of the global nuclear-detection architecture in stymying the illicit traﬃcking of nuclear and radiological materials. It calls for an increased focus on the importance of combating illicit traﬃcking, supported by developing and publishing new and updated international guidance documents, exchanging operational best practices, and developing new tools.
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