NEW AND CRITICAL MATERIALS: IDENTIFYING POTENTIAL DUAL-USE AREAS – COMPARISON OF CHINA AND US

On 7th June, the RAND Corporation published a paper about materials have been developed with increasing multi-functionality and ability to survive in and respond to complex and challenging environments.  It contains testimony presented before the US-China Economic and Security Review Commission on June 7th.  It compares US and Chinese capabilities for these “metamaterials”, saying that China is pursuing a substantial research and development effort in metamaterials, and comments on US-China research collaborations.  It refers to China’s domination of critical materials production and processing.  Many of the materials that are critical for manufacturing, include the most well-known examples – metals of the rare earth family, which are essential to many technologies essential to both civilian and defence applications, such as chemical catalysts, lasers, high-power magnets, batteries, light-emitting diodes (LED), night-vision goggles, and computer hard drives.  China has more than 50% of world production of 12 different critical materials — antimony, aluminium, bismuth, fluorspar, gallium, germanium, magnesium, rare earths, silicon, tellurium, tungsten, and vanadium.

https://www.rand.org/pubs/testimonies/CT513.html

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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