UN PANEL OF EXPERTS REPORT ON NORTH KOREA

The last bi-annual report by the Panel of Experts on UN sanctions on North Korea was published on 5th March.  As previously report in media outlets, the report says that –

  • the country continues to defy Security Council resolutions through a massive increase in illegal ship-to-ship transfers of petroleum products and coal;
  • global banks and insurance companies continue to unwittingly facilitate payments and provide coverage for vessels involved in ever-larger, multi-million-dollar, illegal ship-to-ship transfers of petroleum products, as well as an increasing number of ship-to-ship coal transfers and attempted transhipments;
  • continues to violate the arms embargo and has attempted to supply small arms and light weapons and other military equipment to Houthi rebels in Yemen, as well as to Libya and the Sudan, via foreign intermediaries;
  • the world’s largest container shipping line continued to unwittingly transport prohibited items later seized by Member States;
  • financial sanctions remain some of the most poorly implemented and actively evaded measures of the sanctions regime;
  • global operations of Glocom and the Malaysia-Korea Partners Group of Companies (MKP) continue despite the Panel’s past reporting on their illicit activities and show the ongoing use of overseas companies and individuals;
  • ship-to-ship transfers involve increasingly advanced evasion techniques;
  • diplomats of DPRK continue to play a key role in sanctions evasion, and continue to travel under false accreditation in their passports and have also facilitated the country’s efforts to illegally export large quantities of coal through transshipment to disguise the origin

It also reports on investigations into –

  • the involvement of the country’s in gold mining in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, the construction of a military camp in Sierra Leone and the sale of fishing rights in the waters surrounding North Korea; and
  • the acquisition of leading luxury brand goods, such as Rolls-Royce, Mercedes-Benz and Lexus vehicles;
  • companies acting as possible co-operative entities or joint ventures, some of which are officially registered as joint ventures and others that more actively conceal the nature of their collaboration

https://projectalpha.eu/wp-content/uploads/sites/21/2019/03/S_2019_171_E.pdf

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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