An article in the February 2019 edition of the CTC Sentinel warns that non-state actors could employ the networks that facilitates the development of IED to gather the knowledge, people, materials, finances, and infrastructure required for WMD development and employment.  It also says that the possibility of the profit-minded suppliers within vast, transnational IED networks expanding into WMD proliferation is high due to the opportunity for profits at relatively low additional risk.  It asserts that, during the 12-months period September 2017, to the end of August 2018, there were “approximately 16,300 reported” improvised explosive device (IED) incidents worldwide, not including those within the US.  These attacks caused over 25,000 casualties.  Of these incidents, roughly 37% (approximately 6,000) occurred outside of Iraq and Afghanistan – in countries like Nepal, Colombia, and India.  The number of incidents worldwide highlights the growth of IED facilitation networks by what have been described as “profit-minded suppliers” to meet the demand.  It says that, similarly, there has been a growth in the number of WMD incidents by non-state actors; and that the increasing rate of WMD incidents associated with non-state actors demonstrates their desire to possess a WMD, whether developed internally or acquired externally.

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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