This Handbook was published in September and is based on work supported by the UK Foreign and Commonwealth Office in partnership with the US Civilian Research & Development Foundation (CRDF Global), and was published by the latter, a US non-profit organisation. It is a revised version of the guide on United Nations Non-Proliferation Regimes on Iran and North Korea that Compliance and Capacity Skills International published in November 2015. The text of the present handbook was revised to reflect all the changes that have been taking place with the UN’s non-proliferation sanctions, including the ending of UN counter-proliferation sanctions on Iran and the JCPOA. It points out that the sanctions regime for North Korea remains in force, and in fact many sanctions measures have been added. It contains lots of useful information, such as about the original North Korean conglomerate, Korea Mining Development Trading Corporation (KOMID); and commodity trading between Africa and North Korea. It includes indicators of possible sanctions violations and how some of the methods used by North Korea (and partners) to hide or disguise transactions work.