On 14th December, NBC News and others reported that a secret US military assessment is said to report that North Korea is still evading UN sanctions by transferring oil at sea, and that a 8-nation coalition of US-led naval and air forces deployed to disrupt the movements has failed to dent the overall number of illegal transfers.  The report does say that patrols have forced North Korea to adjust its tactics at sea, including transferring oil farther away from the Korean Peninsula and often in other countries’ territorial waters.  The article also says that North Korea has honed techniques to skirt international prohibitions, using shell companies, illicit financing, stealthy shipping movements, and partners in China and Russia to smuggle in prohibited goods, according to experts and former officials.  Even without such subterfuge, the article says that 2 ships identified in a UN report earlier this year for smuggling coal to Russian ports (Sky Angel and Sky Lady) continue to operate and recently made port visits to Japan — even obtaining insurance paperwork, according to maritime and shipping sites.

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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