On 2nd November, Loadstar reported that the paper air waybill has been further pushed towards the history book following IATA’s decision to make e-air waybills (eAWB) the “default” on feasible trade lanes. From January 1st, eAWB will be normal practice and paper will be considered “non-standard”. It says that IATA has struggled to promote eAWB since enabling their use in 2010; since then, the industry has consistently missed its targets. The current target for eAWB penetration is 68% by the end of December – but at the end of September, it was just 55.9%. The rules will now state that e-AWB are the standard method on feasible trade lanes and that paper AWB are optional, i.e. subject to agreement by the business partners. Some airlines have already begun to charge for paper AWB. eAWB adoption by companies show only the largest forwarders appearing on the list, according to IATA data.