Real Clear Defense on 30th October published an article on how the Chinese military gains access to research in Western countries.  It says that while this military–academic onslaught has largely flown under Western radars, China has made little effort to keep it secret at home.  It relates one story involving a “student” among those of the estimated 2,500 scientists and engineers “selected” by the Chinese military to study and work abroad in the last decade.  Examples of this phenomenon, and of the People’s Liberation Army’s broader expansion of research with universities outside China, are detailed in areport, “Picking Flowers, Making Honey: the Chinese Military’s Collaboration with Foreign Universities”, released by ASPI.

The report itself, from the Australian Strategic Policy Institute is at –

Its recommendations include, in respect of export controls –

  • The Government should consider further controlling technology transfer to certain end users. Transfers of controlled technology to PLA members and civilians heavily engaged in military research should be restricted regardless of their geographical location;
  • The Government should create a list of entities posing national security risks that are subject to special export licence requirements, modelled on the US Entity List;
  • The government should help universities train and provide resources for staff with export control compliance duties;
  • Work continuously with experienced scientists in emerging technology fields to determine whether and how emerging technologies should be controlled; and
  • Ensure that universities are fully complying with controls relating to the intangible transfer of technology in their collaboration with the PLA.


On 30th October, CMS Cameron McKenna Narbarro Olswang LLP published an article saying that on 23rd October, amendments to the Bulgarian Commerce Act came into force, which entirely repeal bearer shares in Bulgaria.  According to this amendment, all existing joint-stock companies and partnerships that have issued bearer shares must substitute them with registered shares.