Reuters reported on 9th October that a UN report claims that criminal networks are using Iran as a transit point for illicit Somali charcoal exports that earns al Qaeda-affiliated al Shabaab millions of dollars annually in tax. The movements employ fake country of origin certificates from Comoros, Ivory Coast and Ghana and the charcoal is relabelled as a product of Iran and exported on small boats to the UAE. The report is said to say that Iran has been used after the former transit point, Oman, tightened its customs procedures. The report estimated the wholesale value of illicit Somali charcoal to be $150 million a year in the UAE, and that about 3 million bags of charcoal were exported from Somalia in the past year. The UN banned charcoal exports from Somalia in 2012 in a bid to cut off funds for al Shabaab.