Conflict Armaments Research has published its Diversion Digest in August 2018. Established in 2011, CAR documents weapons, ammunition, and related materiel at the point of use in conflict zones and traces their supply chains back to the point of origin. Preventing the diversion of conventional arms and eradicating their illicit trade are critical objectives of the UN Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), which entered into force in December 2014. It says that although there is no internationally agreed definition of ‘diversion’, CAR uses the term to denote any loss of weapons or ammunition from state control and their resulting acquisition by unauthorised users, including insurgent and terrorist forces and other non-state armed groups. The report documents 1,072 cases of diversion; being able to identify the specific point of diversion in an item’s supply chain in 1,072 of the 11,093 cases of diversion in the CAR database. These cases involve 735 weapons and 206,198 units of ammunition, all of which form the basis of the analysis presented in the report A total of 34 manufacturing countries account for the items in 1,043 of the 1,072 cases analysed in this report; in the remaining 29 cases of diversion, CAR is still seeking to identify the producers. The report labels the diversions under – battlefield captures; leakage due to ineffective physical security and stockpile management; loss from national custody by undetermined means; state-sponsored diversion; loss following state collapse; and “unclear”.