Amnesty International on 20 August published an article saying that many governments are still fuelling conflicts around the world and breaking the rules of the landmark Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) by supplying weapons to known human rights violators. The ATT prohibits the transfer between states of weapons, munitions and related items when it is known that they would be used for war crimes, or there is an overriding risk they could contribute to serious human rights violations. It cites –
- the refusal of the UK, France, USA and others to suspend arms transfers to Saudi Arabia;
- Cameroonian soldiers used weapons to execute civilians in the city of Achigachia were traced to a factory in Serbia;
- Nicaragua has imported small arms, related parts and ammunition mainly from the USA, followed by Brazil and Mexico and used to “crush” protests; and
- several countries have exported small arms to the Philippines, including Israel, Bulgaria, South Africa, India and South Korea. China and Russia have also offered to supply small arms to the Philippines.