Rferl on 16th August reported that for years fighters travelled with ease from Italy to take part in the Russia-backed insurgency in eastern Ukraine. Many boasted of their martial exploits on social media and in videos, often decked out in camouflage fatigues and brandishing weapons. For years, authorities in Italy largely turned a blind eye, failing to stop these mercenaries despite protests and complaints from officials and others in Kyiv. However, on August 1st, Italian police announced they had arrested 3 men accused of recruiting mercenaries to fight in eastern Ukraine. 3 others are still being sought after prosecutors in Genoa accused the 6 of fighting in eastern Ukraine and recruiting others to the cause. It was the first time that Italian authorities have charged anyone with fighting in eastern Ukraine.