EXPLORING THE USE OF ‘THIRD COUNTRIES’ IN PROLIFERATION NETWORKS: THE CASE OF MALAYSIA

In the European Journal of International Security on 10th August was this article which says that ‘third countries’ are frequently exploited by those involved in networks to transfer proliferation-sensitive technologies, allowing procurement agents to obscure the end user or vendor located in the proliferating state, and to deceive industry, export licensing officials, and intelligence services.  Using 3 cases, the article proposes a loose typology considering the ways in which third countries can be exploited by proliferation networks.  The article argues that other factors beyond the lax regulatory environment, such as level of development, and personal connections, are often as important in driving the decisions of proliferation networks.

https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/european-journal-of-international-security/article/exploring-the-use-of-third-countries-in-proliferation-networks-the-case-of-malaysia/C8A766A657994027EF3B584E86FF72A4

Author: raytodd2017

Chartered Legal Executive and former senior manager with Isle of Man Customs and Excise, where I was (amongst other things) Sanctions Officer (for UN/EU sanctions), Export Licensing Officer and Manager of the Legal-Library & Collectorate Support Section

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