Defence Web on 8th August reports that the inaugural conference on combatting the illicit smuggling of charcoal was held at the Combined Maritime Forces (CMF) headquarters in Bahrain on 23rd July. The aim of the conference was to identify potential methods to disrupt the illicit trade in charcoal emanating from Somalia. It is said to be estimated that terrorist organisations such as Al-Shabaab earn in the region of $10 million per year by smuggling charcoal from Somalia, which is often marketed as legitimate charcoal to buyers in Gulf countries. The UN placed a total ban on the export of charcoal from Somalia in 2012, and in 2014, authorised Member States to inspect vessels suspected to be carrying charcoal from Somalia in violation of the ban, to seize and dispose of the illicit cargo and to divert the vessels to a port for such disposal. It is said that, on current usage and smuggling, it is estimated that there will be no trees left in Somalia by the year 2060 and this can lead to drought and famine, environmental and humanitarian disaster.