NTI has produced an interactive tutorial
Module 1 asks the basic questions –
- what is nuclear and radiological security?
- why is it important?
- how does nuclear safety and nuclear security differ?
- what is the role of the state?
- what is the role of the industry and nuclear operator?
- what is the international community doing to reduce the threat of nuclear and radiological terrorism?
In answer to the last question, it says that nuclear and radiological security is generally considered to be the responsibility of individual states, which set and enforce laws and regulations governing activities within their territories. However, all states have an interest in ensuring that nuclear weapons and weapons-usable materials are secure, and that all other states are meeting their security responsibilities. Numerous international initiatives address the dangers posed by unsecured nuclear and other radioactive materials around the world – but, the article cautions, current international instruments and activities are insufficient to ensure that all nuclear weapons, weapons-usable materials, and major facilities will be effectively protected against terrorist and criminal threats.
Module 2 deals with nuclear terrorism threats.
Module 3 deals with radiological terrorism and nuclear sabotage – explaining that radiological terrorism is the deliberate use of radioactive material to expose people to radiation and/or contaminating somewhere (such as with a “dirty bomb” or RDD).
Module 4 deals with illicit trafficking – are materials available on the black market and who is involved.
Module 5 deals with operator and government efforts to preserve nuclear security.
Module 6 deals with international policy responses and future prospects – noting that not all materials and facilities are covered by existing agreements and guidelines. One thing it asks is what is being done to minimise and eliminate weapons-useable nuclear material – civilian Highly Enriched Uranium (HEU), civilian plutonium and military materials.
Module 7 comprises a multiple-choice quiz to test understanding.